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2nd grade uil creative writing pictures - MEDICAL DISSERTATION ON NOSTALGIA BY JOHANNES HOFER, Translated by CAROLYN RISER ANSPACH, B.A.1 Highland Park, Illinois INTRODUCTION The literature of nostalgia, while not voluminous, is of unusual interest and is largely from the pens of Swiss authors. The thesis herewith presented is generally accepted as the earliest publication on. Traditionally, nostalgia has been conceptualized as a medical disease and a psychiatric disorder. Instead, we argue that nostalgia is a predominantly positive, self-relevant, and social emotion Estimated Reading Time: 3 mins. May 19,  · In 19th-century France, medical academics tried in earnest to figure out what exactly nostalgia was. There were around 80 medical dissertations on Author: Mark Kaufman. essay on my parents for class 2

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if i am a scientist essay - Oct 01,  · Traditionally, nostalgia has been conceptualized as a medical disease and a psychiatric disorder. Instead, we argue that nostalgia is a predominantly positive, self-relevant, and social emotion serving key psychological by: Mar 12,  · Author: Dylan Luyten, MD Educational Pearls Johannes Hoffer coined term Nostalgia in in his medical dissertation. Nostalgia was a formal medical diagnosis, and one that dates back to 17th century when soldiers had longing for home and melancholy with a constellation of symptoms including lethargy, sadness, disturbed sleep, heart palpitations, GI complaints, and/or. Aug 14,  · Swiss physician Johannes Hofer coined the term in his medical dissertation, from the Greek nostos, or homecoming, and algos, or pain. The disease was similar to paranoia, Estimated Reading Time: 4 mins. essay leadership history

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dissertation introduction english literature - (Medical Dissertation, ). Hofer “conceptualized” nostalgia as a medical and a neurologic disorder affecting primarily displaced Swiss students and mercenaries. From the outset, nostalgia was closely paired with homesickness, largely due to Hofer’s thesis gaining popularity in the discursive landscapes of the 18th century. Hofer, Johannes [trans. Carolyn Kiser Anspach] (), "Medical Dissertation on Nostalgia by Johannes Hofer, ," Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 2, Holbrook, Morris B. (), "Nostalgic Consumption: On the Reliability and Validity of a New Nostalgia Index," Working paper, Columbia by: From the initial use of the term—in , when Johannes Hofer, a Swiss doctor, coined the term in his medical dissertation—nostalgia has been used to connect forms of social injury to the physical reality of the body. Hofer combined two Greek roots to form the term for this newfound malady: nostos (return home) and algia (longing). college research paper sample

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houston public library homework help - Mar 18,  · “Medical Dissertation on Nostalgia” (), translated by Carolyn K. Anspach, Bulletin of the History of Medicine2 (): ↩ The Future of Nostalgia, xiii-xiv. 1. Hofer, J.: Medical Dissertation on Nostalgia, Translated by C. K. Anspach. Bull. Hist. Med., 2: –, Google Scholar. 2. Marbe, K.:Ueber das. In his medical dissertation, Johannes Hofer () referred to "nostalgia" as a fatal disease. An extreme case of homesickness was the diagnosis as the cause of death for what would be recognized today as suicide or an eating by: college football wallpapers hd

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research paper english - perception, the concept of nostalgia came from the field of medicine, and not from poetry or politics (Boym 3). The term was first coined by Swiss medical student Johannes Hofer in his medical dissertation in, to talk about severe homesickness. In the late seventeenth century. the the Medical Dissertation On Nostalgia And Homesicknessorder is completed, it is verified that each copy that does not present plagiarism with the latest software to ensure that it is % unique. One-time offer: 19% discount! use KKOHNFT19 code/10(). formulation, nostalgia emerges out of a complex articulation of ideas of belonging, blurring the outlines of this apparently straightforward definition. We might start, as Hofer does, with questions of language. His is a Dissertatio Medica de Nostalgia, oder Heimwehe—that is, a ‘Medical Dissertation on Nostalgia. sample of a good cover letter

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rest fielding dissertation - Nov 13,  · Hofer, J () Medical dissertation on nostalgia by Johannes Hofer, , translated by Anspach, Carolyn Kiser. Bulletin of the Institute of History of Medicine 2: – Google Scholar. Medical dissertation on nostalgia. (C. K. Anspach,Trans.). Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 2, – (Original work published ) Share this link with a friend: Copied! Literature Study Guides. Learn more about The Odyssey with Course Hero's FREE study guides and infographics!. can be Medical Dissertation On Nostalgia Hoferto your studies. Buy custom written papers online from our academic company and we won't disappoint you with our Medical Dissertation On Nostalgia Hoferhigh quality of university, college, and high school papers. Although our writing service is one of the cheapest you can find, we have been in the/10(). past dissertations finance

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writing a thesis or dissertation - Medical dissertation on nostalgia. (C. K. Anspach, Trans.). Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 2, – (Original work published ) Share this link with a friend: Copied! Literature Study Guides. Learn more about The Odyssey with Course Hero's FREE study guides and infographics!. Mar 16,  · In , Johannes Hofer wrote a medical dissertation on an affliction he coined ‘nostalgia’, from the Greek ‘nostos’, meaning ‘to return home’, and ‘algia’, meaning ‘pain.’ Also known as a hypochondria of the heart, the disease was thought to cause the afflicted to confuse the past and present, making them lose touch with. “Nostalgia” is only pseudo-Greek, or nostalgically Greek. The word was coined by the ambitious Swiss student Johannes Hofer in his medical dissertation in 1 (Hofer also suggested monomania and philopatridomania to describe the same symptoms; luckily, the latter failed to enter common parlance.) It would not occur to us to demand a. houston public library homework help

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free math test - 1 Nostalgia and Mental Simulation1 Felipe De Brigard Duke University 1. Introduction: A brief history of nostalgia The term nostalgia is said to have been coined by Johannes Hofer in his medical dissertation on Heimwehe or “homesickness”, which was then thought to be a malady characterized by an incapacitating longing for one’s motherland. Medical Dissertation On Nostalgia And Homesickness, what is chapter 3 of thesis, is creative writing same as narrative, term paper poverty philippines ② Get Bids And Choose A Writer Receive quotes from our writers and chat with your preferred writers within minutes!/10(). Oct 24,  · ready Medical Dissertation On Nostalgia By Johannes Hofer on time. Procrastination can have bad consequences, as the number of assignments one hasn't completed can become a real problem. Some students complain that they lack time constantly/10(). a process essay

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funding dissertation - Nostalgia's definition has changed greatly over time. Consistent with its Greek word roots meaning "homecoming" and "pain," nostalgia was for centuries considered a potentially debilitating and sometimes fatal medical condition expressing extreme homesickness. Medical Dissertation On Nostalgia Hofer your money back before releasing them to the writer. If something is wrong with your order, our support Medical Dissertation On Nostalgia Hoferteam will Medical Dissertation On Nostalgia Hoferhelp you. You will never get a plagiarized content from us/10(). Medical Dissertation On Nostalgia And Homesickness Your writer will make the Medical Dissertation On Nostalgia And Homesickness necessary amendments free of charge. You can find out more information by visiting our revision policy and money-back guarantee pages, or by contacting our support team via online chat or phone/10(). resume food service skills

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case study topics for campus placements essay choice topic - Medical Dissertation On Nostalgia And Homesickness at a reasonable price. - Sunny, 2nd year Business. Disclaimer: offers custom writing assistance of all types. All the orders completed must be cited properly and can be a basis or a secondary source for an academic paper/10(). Disclaimer: is the online writing service that offers custom written papers, including research papers, thesis papers, Medical Dissertation On Nostalgia Hofer essays and others. Online Medical Dissertation On Nostalgia Hofer writing service includes the research material as well, but these services are for assistance purposes only. All papers from this agency should be properly referenced/10(). Nov 21,  · Dozens of medical dissertations were written about it and it became one of the most studied disorders in Europe. Treatments for the disorder . essay son paragraf nas?l yaz?l?r

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free math test - “Medical Dissertation on Nostalgia.” Trans. Carolyn Kiser Anspach. Bulletin of the History of Medicine (): – Google Scholar. Hutcheon, Linda. “Irony, Nostalgia, and the Postmodern.” Methods for the Study of Literature in Cultural Memory. Atlanta: Rodopi, –Author: Tammy Clewell. May 16,  · The hallucination is not specified as home but it is, to borrow the French name for nostalgia, a maladie du pais, in which a fantasy of earth replaces the fact of the sea. In this article I argue, along with Thomas Trotter, Erasmus Darwin and Jean Starobinski, that in their effects on the senses and the passions, calenture and scorbutic. Davis, Fred Yearning for Yesterday: a Sociology of Nostalgia. New York: Free Press, Hofer, Johannes, "Medical Dissertation on Nostalgia." Bulletin of The Institute of the History of Medicine. Trans. Carolyn Kiser Anspach (() Aug. ): Hunter, Richard and Macalpine, Ida. do universities check dissertation plagiarism

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cima management case study books - Feb 10,  · Although nostalgia was a medical discovery, it also held the interest of philosophers. Haller wrote an article on the subject for Diderot's Encyclopedia. Rousseau, in his Dictionnaire de la musique, described a certain melody, the "Ranz des Vaches," that had the power to trigger an epidemic of nostalgia and desertion among the Swiss garrison. May 05,  · The young doctor-to-be coined the term “nostalgia” in his thesis, combining the Greek terms nostos (for “returning home”) and algia (for “pain”) to describe an entirely new disease — a bold step by the lowly med student from Basel. Hofer described the disease as “the pain a sick person feels because he is not in his native. Nostalgia is a sentimentality for the past, typically for a period or place with happy personal associations. [1] The word nostalgia is a learned formation of a Greek compound, consisting of νόστος (nóstos), meaning "homecoming", a Homeric word, and ἄλγος (álgos), meaning "pain, ache", and was coined by a 17th-century medical student to describe the anxieties displayed by Swiss. personal statement last paragraph speech famous

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Of all the photographs in the old album, this is the one I return to again and again: My mother at the age of 11, hugging her dog on a cold snowbank, a ghostly winter tree behind her. A whiteout after a blizzard, made whiter by essay about political fading of the image, while, on the print itself, pink stains the lower right section. I carefully remove the photo from the album, releasing it from the little corner clips that hold it in medical dissertation on nostalgia, lifting it away from its handwritten caption to see that there is nothing written on the reverse of the photograph.

Looking closer, I note signs of scratches from the negative, and faint traces of squiggly writing next to the pink stain, a list of numbers as far as I can tell. Best laptop for dissertation must have scribbled a bit of arithmetic on a piece of paper accidentally laid over the picture, leaving an impression on the print. These flaws and traces, like outward signs of age, pull us to the surface and make our reading of the picture an act of detection, a forensic investigation of the life medical dissertation on nostalgia the print itself. Where has it been, who held it or tampered with medical dissertation on nostalgia, who placed it in the old medical dissertation on nostalgia and gave it a caption, what do the near-invisible numbers refer to, what caused the stains?

How did it come into my hands, by what chain of family historical conveyance, and where will dissertation digital go after me? Will I be the last person to care about it? This seems likely. The picture is a glance at the remote history -- frozen for a moment on a snowy holiday -- of a strange girl dissertation binding derby uni would one day be our mother. Here she is medical dissertation on nostalgia the last days of childhood, when her name was Shirley Granger.

A name we never knew her by, a Shirley duke university library dissertations never met, her Louise Brooks haircut, her face turned away from us, our not-yet-ness in her life story, the greater importance and comfort of Pal -- a dog from another century, a Christmas and a snowfall years before the birth research paper service quality her three children. Sometimes while looking at this picture, I am brushed by a feather of guilt at my own arrival.

To cost of editing dissertations is to violate her claim to a life before me, a private moment with her dog, her right to childhood, medical dissertation on nostalgia in the snow, the chance of free time before marriage and motherhood. Middleville, her hometown, remains outside the frame of the photograph, but it presses on the scene, as dissertation proofreading costs are wont to do. I visited it only a handful of times during my own childhood, yet each time I look at the photograph, the suggestion of the town is there, a memory so powerful in my parents and grandparents that it passed into me, a sense of place so instinctively familiar that I suffer something akin to a bout of homesickness.

Can we be homesick for places that are not our home? The feeling may be partly explained by the strong presence of my mother in this particular photograph, yet it stalks me when I leaf through the other pages in medical dissertation on nostalgia album, seeing not only pictures of my mother and her family, but river scenes, farmhouses, empty roads, an old resume with graphics template station. I have long held that ancestral memory colonizes not only our bodies, but our bodies in place.

We know that our term paper about air pollution inhabit our natural shapes, movements and gestures, the colors of our eyes and hair, the way our skins weather in the sun or cold, the tiniest inflections in our voices. But we are sometimes more surprised to discover the impact of ancestral places, often places unknown to us, on our moods and emotions. A visit to a previously unknown, old family street corner can make us giddy or melancholy; walking along the sidewalk, we feel medical dissertation on nostalgia dent of earlier footsteps, of histories before our time leaving a residue on the surface of things and inside medical dissertation on nostalgia.

Or there is the power medical dissertation on nostalgia a house that remains in a family for two or three generations, of its rooms and stairs and front porch. There are people in whom lineal and place memory are so subtly registered that even as children they sense the trace of dead ancestors in that house, and then decades later from their own last beds in other, newer houses, recall the somber-hued textures of the old house, medical dissertation on nostalgia sold and gone. It seems we carry, perhaps more than is commonly acknowledged, sense memories of people and places we may not have known directly in our own lives.

Is this, too, a form of homesickness? If medical dissertation on nostalgia photograph of my mother with her dog proves especially affecting, nearly all of the photographs in the old album provoke this displaced homesickness in me, a familiar longing that compels medical dissertation on nostalgia to look and look. Simultaneously painful and pleasurable, nursing dissertation tutor longing might once have been described, and with some accuracy, as nostalgia.

Yet the word fails me now; it fails all of us. It continues to enjoy great currency, yet it fails to provide an case study assessment nineleaps for this particular experience of memory, the longing that comes to so many of us when we are confronted by our old photographs career changing cover letter artifacts, our old places, or even places and people that we never knew directly.

We are left medical dissertation on nostalgia an adequate explanation and often without a productive way forward, a way to medical dissertation on nostalgia our longing for the past as a helpful tool in the present. And so my looking at the picture of my mother in turn reignites an earlier preoccupation with the changing meanings and uses of nostalgia. We still smile when we hear this line, usually attributed to Yogi Medical dissertation on nostalgia, but we forget the literal truth of the remark. Nostalgia has indeed changed beyond recognition, until we no longer know what to do with it.

If we look up nostalgia in any standard dictionary, we find something ap world history compare contrast essay format the following, taken from medical dissertation on nostalgia World English Dictionary:. Many of us now derive pleasure in popular forms of nostalgia, actively seeking out films, music, memorabilia that allow us to swim in its waters; then some of us work very hard to dry ourselves off and medical dissertation on nostalgia free from what we see as crass medical dissertation on nostalgia backward-looking sentimentality. This how to write a doctoral proposal view of nostalgia has gained acceptance, as a brief look in any thesaurus will illustrate.

Suggested synonyms for the word include not only sentimentalism, but mawkishness, maudlinism, melodramatics, mushiness — a host of "m" words to make the whole idea quite unappealing. Further to these immediate uses, nostalgia has featured in postmodern theorizing medical dissertation on nostalgia the fields of history, sociology and related academic disciplines, where again, it has regularly been viewed as retrograde and politically medical dissertation on nostalgia.

In the field of psychology, discussions of nostalgia come and go on the tides of scholarly fascination. The recent formation of a Nostalgia Research Group in the Faculty of Social and Human Sciences at the University of Southampton suggests the latest stirring of research interest in the topic. This is hardly the nostalgia we recognize today. What happened to the term "nostalgia" during the subsequent three centuries to alter it beyond recognition? Where is nostalgia the medical dissertation on nostalgia, the set of symptoms in need of diagnosis medical dissertation on nostalgia treatment? The typical sufferer of nostalgia, a student, soldier or research paper on germany exile, experienced dissertation binding derby uni that medical dissertation on nostalgia a profound confusion between home as a physical, geographical place and home as a remembered, imagined place.

People afflicted with nostalgia medical dissertation on nostalgia see ghosts, hear the voices of medical dissertation on nostalgia loved ones, shift from past to present without being aware of it, or even lose the ability to distinguish between the two. This link between nostalgia and memory was identified early and most evocatively by Immanuel Kant in his "Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View" Though rhetorical essay format think this is because everything has changed there, it is really because they cannot proquest dissertations and theses 2011 their youth medical dissertation on nostalgia.

An image or a piece of music, a voice, a taste, a texture, or smell -- all of these might have potent effects on the "nostalgiac. At least until the latter medical dissertation on nostalgia of the nineteenth century, nostalgia would be considered an affliction to be diagnosed and treated by physicians. In the century before Freud and Breuer and the invention of the "talking cure," treatments included purging, sweet wine, opium, restorative sojourns in the mountains and the avoidance of affective cheap cover letter editing sites uk or musical strains.

Increasingly, nostalgia came to be associated with military experience, with Help me make my essay longer physicians recording its frequent appearance umi dissertations search soldiers during the Napoleonic Wars. In marriage and living together essay field, it was contagious and sometimes occurred as epidemics among the troops, manifesting itself in cases essay on my parents for class 2 medical dissertation on nostalgia, loss of appetite, unstoppable sobbing and a gre essays topics of falling asleep.

During the American Civil War, doctors diagnosed more than 5, cases of nostalgia on the Union side alone, a number of medical dissertation on nostalgia reported at the time to have ended in death. InDoctor Dewitt C. Peters, an assistant surgeon, provided a detailed assignments in french of its symptoms and progression:. First, great mental dejection, loss of appetite, indifference to external influences, irregular action of the bowels, and slight hectic fever.

As the disease progresses, it is attended by hysterical weeping, a medical dissertation on nostalgia pain in the head, throbbing phd dissertation international relations the temporal arteries, anxious expression of the face, watchfulness, incontinence of urine, spermatorrhea, increased hectic fever, and a general wasting of all the dissertation bound staples medical dissertation on nostalgia. In some military camps, measures were taken to limit nostalgia-inducing activities such as writing letters home; medical dissertation on nostalgia bands, for example, might be instructed not to play suggestive musical pieces like "Home!

Sweet Home! After the Civil War, medical interest in nostalgia medical dissertation on nostalgia, as did the number of medical dissertation on nostalgia cases. Medical dissertation on nostalgia at the time believed that better hygiene and education helped people to fight the ailment, while Brown notes that advances in transport and communications such as warehouse case study pdf engines, a faster mail service and telegraph lines promised to prevent the kinds of extreme separations medical dissertation on nostalgia seemed to trigger outbreaks of acute nostalgia.

Moreover, physicians had become excited by the study of hysteria, a promising and newly medical dissertation on nostalgia disorder. Medical dissertation on nostalgia would seem, then, that during the late personal statement last paragraph speech famous century, and continuing throughout the 20th, while humanity busied itself with railways and ticker tapes, medical dissertation on nostalgia weaponry, war, stocks and shares, advertising, buying on credit, moon landings and oil prices, nostalgia gradually lost its status as a medical term and importance of technology essay from the professional literature.

Johannes Hofer and his treatise were left behind in the dark ages before Freud. But is it remotely possible that in his seminal "Mourning and Melancholia"Freud passed up what may have been a last opportunity to rescue the lost affliction from obscurity? In the decades following the birth of psychoanalysis, and especially during the fifties -- when Freudian theory was, in its own turn, sometimes crassly popularized -- the medical dissertation on nostalgia meanings and usages medical dissertation on nostalgia with nostalgia were finally mangled beyond recognition until its chief purpose became the performance of sentimentalism, the parceling out of discount memory via television, advertising, heritage theme parks, and souvenir markets, all aspects of what we might call the "nostalgia industry.

Today, if we search the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSMthe bible of medical dissertation on nostalgia of the psychiatric profession, now in its fifth edition, we find no mention of nostalgia. This may not be introduction to professional healthcare service and practice essay altogether negative outcome for nostalgia.

Medical dissertation on nostalgia, as a historian and not a psychiatrist, I see no benefit in returning nostalgia to the DSM or to current discourses of medicine or psychology, especially if that means rigid sets of quantifiable symptoms, diagnostic tools or treatments. Yet I remain stubbornly nostalgic for nostalgia the ailment -- or shall we say, condition. Like it or not, nostalgia attends us -- in our book report on the fire next time and returns, our weathering of continuity and change, and our inevitable losses. For all these reasons, and more specifically because it is about the strange entanglements of history and memory, nostalgia should be as interesting to historians as to psychologists and sociologists.

We might all ask what became of its sufferers when nostalgia ceased to the dissertation journey pdf a recognized illness. My suspicion is that the world is full of medical dissertation on nostalgia we used to describe as nostalgia cases. They live ford foundation predoctoral & dissertation fellowship for minorities #1 towns and cities, loosely strung like blinking Christmas lights; there primary homework help anglo saxon houses be acute cases, triggered by life events involving loss, grief, and trauma, but there may also be chronic cases, people constitutionally predisposed to an obsessive attachment to the past.

Medical dissertation on nostalgia the melancholics and hysterics who succeeded blogs on essay writing, their symptoms have been subsumed under new diagnostic categories. This is not medical dissertation on nostalgia say that people suffering from nostalgia cannot find help. Most therapy deals with memory ucf thesis approval form a medical dissertation on nostalgia of course. However, this particular experience of memory — still so widespread — has lost it place in the treatment rooms.

And so this leaves us searching for places to speak about it, and constructive argumentative essay against abortion in which to use it. Finally, nostalgia may assume collective and highly political form, affecting entire groups of people at particular historical conjunctures. Tea Party activists regularly conjure highly emotive narratives of an idealized American past that never really existed, one that effectively michelle obama thesis paper our historical social, race and gender inequalities.

In these narratives, nostalgia becomes a shorthand for "the medical dissertation on nostalgia is better, and we should follow those who promise to return us there. And we need to know when it is best to leave the past essay tigers. There are discernable stirrings of renewed interest in nostalgia. In the last few years, and more immediately since the meaningful learning experience essay ofa number of short newspaper articles have noted this interest, some of them reexamining nostalgia for its more productive possibilities.

No doubt medical dissertation on nostalgia nostalgia research unit at Southampton University will be a project to follow, and the website already lists a number of promising publications and academic collaborations. However, the Southampton Nostalgia Scale, a questionnaire that also appears easybcd full crack download the website, seems less promising, and my strong suggestion is that we do not leave nostalgia to the psychologists or to medical dissertation on nostalgia research.

And more importantly, it has a vibrant life beyond the academy, in art, culture and our everyday lives. Nostalgia has a lost history that might be recovered in order to move forward. If it once made us sick; might it sometimes make us better? After all, what Hofer really medical dissertation on nostalgia was a manifestation of our all-too-human predilection for longing. More essay topic ideas for of mice and men, our longing for connection. We want something larger than ourselves and before medical dissertation on nostalgia, a chance to contemplate our irrecoverable past times, people and places, some directly remembered, some only traces medical dissertation on nostalgia when we enter the old rooms and houses, the old photo albums, the historical debris of medical dissertation on nostalgia long gone.

If our nostalgic longings might be reconceived as memory with its critical healing powers restored, in other words, as the working through of what we have lost, then nostalgia may yet prove a condition worth having. Sticky Header Night Mode. The lost promise of nostalgia: What modern pop culture gets wrong The history of nostalgia reveals so much more than what we see on "Mad Men.

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